You don’t climb mountains in high heels or walk on snow in flip-flops. Similarly, your car also needs separate performance tyres for different temperatures and situations. Do you know that tyre manufacturers develop special compounds for every type of terrain and weather conditions and misusing tyres can bring their effectiveness to nought and even expose the driver to a serious danger? We will tell you how summer tyres differ from the winter ones and why the right temperature plays a huge role in their usage.
Difference between winter and summer tyres
The rubber compound used in summer tyres is intended to endure hot temperatures and offer a balanced performance on both dry and wet pavements. This compound provides a perfect traction, steering response and handling as long as the weather is warm. It doesn’t, however, withstand low temperatures (below 7 degrees Celsius) and becomes hard as plastic losing its capacity for holding the road. Let alone snow or ice that make summer tyres absolutely useless and absolutely dangerous in inclement wintry weather. Is there any alternative?
Winter tyres differ from summer ones not only with a more aggressive tread pattern, but also with a more pliant high-silica compound that remains soft and flexible at low temperatures. It preserves a perfect grip on slippery pavements and when driving off-road. Winter tyres also have more sipes (slits) in tread blocks that let the rubber move and stretch during the ride and hold the road better.
How to take care of summer tyres and winter tyres in the off-season?
Driving on winter tyres at warm temperatures (above 7 degrees Celsius) leads to premature tear and wear. Similarly, driving on summer tyres at low temperatures can result in compound cracking. Thus, if you want to preserve your high-performance seasonal tyres in a perfect working condition, you shouldn’t misuse them at improper ambience temperatures.
Seasonal tyres that are temporarily not in use must be stored indoors, in premises with a proper climate control. Winter tyres must spend their summer vacation in a cool place away from the reach of sunlight while summer tyres must hibernate in warm premises. If you aren’t sure you have enough space for storing your off-season tyres, consider using the services of tyre hotels where the perfect storage conditions are organized for your rubber four.
14th February, 2017